Ted Power
English Language Learning and Teaching

Korean language backgrounds

15 common English pronunciation problems

FIX PROBLEM ENGLISH SOUND - COMMON ERROR - PRACTICE MATERIALS
Keep mouth round and tongue back. /ɒ/ "not"

Minimal Pairs /ɒ/ or /ɔ:/ practice

Weak endings: e.g. "London" "England" /ə/ "the" (schwa)

Practise the neutral vowel /ə/
using spoken dialogues


Tongue low & back. Jaws together. Long. /ɔ:/ "nought" /ɒ/ "not" Minimal Pairs /ɒ/ or /ɔ:/ practice

Tongue low, back & fixed. Jaws together. /ɔ:/ "bought" /əʊ/ "boat" Minimal Pairs /ɔ:/ or /əʊ/ practice

Fix tongue in central position. Long. /ɜ:/ "bird"

Minimal Pairs /e/ or /ɜ:/ practice
Minimal Pairs /ʌ/ or /ɜ:/ practice
Minimal Pairs /ɔ:/ or /ɜ:/ practice

Tongue central. Then tightly round lips. /əʊ/ "bone" /ɔ:/ "born"
Tongue central. Then tightly round lips. /əʊ/ "note" /ɒ/ "not"
Voiced. Friction with top teeth & bottom lip. /v/ "vet" /b/ "bet"
Voiced. Friction with top teeth & bottom lip. /v/ "vet" /w/ "wet" Minimal Pairs /w/ or /v/ practice

Voiced: tip of tongue behind top teeth. Friction. /z/ "rise" /s/ "rice" Minimal Pairs /s/ or /z/ practice

Voiceless. Friction. Tongue between teeth. /θ/ "thin" /s/ "sin" Minimal Pairs /θ/ or /ð/ practice
Minimal Pairs /θ/ or /t/ practice
Minimal Pairs /θ/ or /d/ practice
Minimal Pairs /θ/ or /s/ practice

Tongue touches hard palate. /l/ "light" (clear) /r/ "right" Minimal Pairs /l/ or /r/ practice

Contact. Brief "schwa" after release. /ɫ/ "tall" (dark l)


Back of tongue to back roof. Nasal. /ŋk/ "think" /ŋ/ "thing" Minimal Pairs /ŋ/ or /ŋk/ practice

Voiced stop: back of tongue to back roof. /ŋ/ "thing" /ŋk/ "think" Minimal Pairs /ŋ/ or /ŋk/ practice


EXTERNAL LINKS: Non-native pronunciations of English: Korean L1
Konglis

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